Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of Pistacia khinjuk essential oil in Iran

Document Type : Review Paper

Authors

1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Razi, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Infectious Disease, School of Medical Sciences, University of Medical Sciences of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, University of Medical Sciences of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran

Abstract

Today,with increasing prevalence antibiotic resistance monitoring the health and quality of food has become complicated and difficult. Therefore, essential oils of medicinal plants is significant and the  investigation on the composition of essential oil  of Pistacia khinjuk is important. Due to antimicrobial effects and food preservative of various species of this plant. In this study aim was to Survey the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Pistacia khinjuk in Iran. This study data collection by articles in internal databases such as, Irandoc, SID and external databases including Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, Elsevier, Google Scholar. The comparison of the analysis of the essential oil of this plant related to the geographical diversity in Iran.The major compounds of essential oil from the  P. khinjuk are α-pinene, β-pinene, Myrcene, beta-caryophyllene, Germacrene B and Spathulenol. The extracts showed antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi. The essential oil of the different leaves extracts of P.khinjuk (chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethyl alcohol, diethyl ether) like other species of Pistacia khinjuk show antibacterial and antifungal activities.

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of Pistacia khinjuk essential oil in Iran

Highlights

  • The species of Pistacia khinjuk habitat is in most parts of Iran, especially the Zagros region.
  • The composition of essential oil of Pistacia khinjuk is important.
  • Due to antimicrobial effects and food preservative of various species of this plant.
  • The extracts showed antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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